Persian Handicrafts are about Persian art and skill. These handicrafts are absolutely unique expressions and represent Persian culture, tradition and heritage. They are so authentic and unique in the world.
Below, we get you familiar with the most popular Persian handicrafts.
Khatam is a Persian version of marquetry, art forms made by decorating the surface of wooden articles with delicate pieces of wood, bone and metal precisely-cut geometrical shapes. Khatam kari is the art of crafting a Khatam. Common materials used in the construction of inlaid articles are gold, silver, brass, aluminum and twisted wire. This craft consists in the production of incrustation patterns (generally star-shaped), with thin sticks of wood
Meenakari (Minakari) is the art of coloring and ornamenting the surface of metals by fusing over it brilliant colours that are decorated in an intricate design. Enamel working and decorating metals with colorful and baked coats is one of the distinguished courses of art in Isfahan . Mina, is defined as some sort of glass like colored coat which can be stabilized by heat on different metals particularly copper. Persian Enamel handicrafts can be used as wall hanging plates, home decor and candy dishes.
- Turquoise Inlaying
Turquoise Inlaying on containers includes a copper object on parts of the surface of which small pieces of turquoise are set in mosaic fashion thus giving the object a special glamor. The production of Turquoise Inlaying includes two general stages: Goldsmith includes the making and preparation of the object intended for Turquoise Inlaying using one of the metals indicated above. Then Turquoise Inlaying where inlayer buys waste turquoise chips & use them in making each Turquoise Inlaying object in proportion to the surface area.
Engraving (Ghalam Zani) is the art of carving superb designs on various metals such as copper, brass,silver and gold. Isfahan is the main center for engraving. The artistic work of this course made by the artists are the glorious and undeniable indication of Previous metal work of Iran and Isfahan. Persian Metalwork Engraving is perhaps the most continuous and best-documented artistic medium from Iran in the Islamic period. Each hand engraved item may take upto one week to be finished depending on its size.
- Persian Miniature
A Persian Miniature is a small handmade oil painting on paper or more importantly on piece of camel bone. The techniques are broadly comparable to the Western and Byzantine traditions of miniatures in illuminated manuscripts. The bright and pure coloring of the Persian miniature is one of its most striking features. The workshop tradition and division of labor within both an individual miniature complicates the attribution of paintings. Some are inscribed with the name of the artist, sometimes as part of the picture itself.
Ghalamkar fabric is a type of Textile printing, patterned Iranian Fabric. The fabric is printed using patterned wooden stamps made of pear wood which has better flexibility and density for carving and long-standing utility. A tapestry may be stamped depending on its density and size, between hundreds and tens of thousands of times. For instance, a 2 meters by 1.4 meters should be stamped about 580 times up to 4000 times in an elegant work.
Termeh is a hand woven colorful textile with special patterns mainly Persian Paisley which was originated in Yazd. Termeh is a cloth which is woven since the Safavid era in Iran. Weaving Termeh is a sensitive, careful and time consuming work that a good weaver could produce only 25-30 centimeters in a day. Although nowadays they are not 100% hand made, a good quality Termeh can be woven maximum of 100 cm a day and since there are only a few machines for weaving Termeh, it is still an exclusive and costly kind of tablecloth.