Ardabil Carpet and Rug Cluster
Ardabil province located in the northwest of Iran has a long and illustrious history of carpet weaving. The reign of the Safavid Dynasty in the 16th and 17th centuries represented the peak of Azerbaijani carpet making in the region. During this era Ardabil has been at its peak. The name of Ardabil has always been considered by the Ardabil Carpets in 16th century presented as a gift to the complex of Sheikh
Safi-ad-din in Ardabil. These priceless masterpieces are a pair of famous Iranian carpets in the collections of the Victoria and Albert Museum in London and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
Today, the Ardabil carpets are considered among marketable pieces in the global markets. Annually, about 33 thousand people in the province are involved in producing 100 thousand square meters of hand-made rugs and carpets.
The main characteristic of Ardabil carpet is either a warp of wool and cotton. In recent years, the weavers, especially in Khalkahl, incorporate silk into the woolen pile too. Ardabil weavers produce carpets in all sizes but they mostly tend to weave runner and one and a half square meters called zar o nim. The carpets are provided in different colors such as turquoise, white, beige, cream, dark blue and light green. The colors of Ardabil carpets are lighter and livelier.
Ardabil carpet weaving designs can be divided into three major categories: Urban designs, rural designs and tribal designs which of them has different and distinct designs, colors and texture.
10 Ardabil carpet designs have been globally registered with World Intellectual Property Organization. It shows that the carpet weaving art has authenticity and identity in this region. Designs and motifs used in Ardabil divided into two main groups:
A) The old designs include Caucasian derivative designs, Heris derivative designs, geometrical designs, and broken pattern.
B) The new designs include Herati fish designs, central medallion Arabesque patterns and Khatai, broken Corner and medallion designs